Teeth can tell stories about you.Image result for image of teeth skeleton

Teeth can tell a great deal about us just by examining our teeth. Our teeth reveal how old we are, what we eat and drink — even where on Earth we may have lived? Our teeth also carry significant clues about our overall health, including periods of stress or illness we’ve endured. In short, teeth are a lasting record of our personal history.

Every tooth is unique.Image result for image of dna double helix

Whether we’re talking about the 20 “baby teeth” that serve us in childhood or the 32 permanent teeth we have in our adult years, no two teeth are exactly the same shape and size. Each tooth in your mouth has its own unique profile, and teeth also vary widely from person to person. So your smile really is a true mark of your individuality!

Toothbrush history

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The modern toothbrush was not developed until the 1700s. A man from England named William Addis attached boars’ bristles to a bone handle, creating a toothbrush that was actually mass-produced. Brushes with nylon bristles and ergonomic handles were developed in the 1930s. Eighty years later, these products seem primitive compared to toothbrushes such as the Colgate® Slim Soft™, which features thin bristles for an even deeper clean.


Tooth decay is actually classified as an infectious disease because it is caused by a particular strain of bacteria passed between multiple people.

Future dental science

Teeth contain stem cells. In fact, according to SingularityHUB, some researchers are using dental stem cells to regrow human teeth. If successful, this technology would mean we can biologically replace lost adult teeth for the first time in history.


  • An elephant’s tooth can weigh three kilograms? That’s heavier than a big jug of milk!
  • Even though whales are very big, some of them don’t have any teeth. Instead, they have rows of stiff hair like combs that take food out of the ocean.
  • Snails are very small but they can have thousands of tiny teeth all lined up in rows.
  • Rabbit teeth never stop growing. They are worn down by gnawing on bark and other hard foods.
  • Lemon sharks grow a new set of teeth every two weeks. They grow more than 24,000 new teeth every year!

HOW COOL IS THIS? Its not all about brushing and flossing now is it?

Why Your Whole Body Will Thank You for Flossing

“I don’t have any time to floss!” This is a regular answer I get as a dental professional from patients. Many of them are really surprised by my simple way of explaining what happens in that tiny space between your teeth and gums called “the dental pocket” if you don’t floss.

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The dental pocket is as it sounds, a pocket.  As we all know pockets keep things safe…but the components of this pocket we do not want to keep at all! Bacteria or microorganisms are normal residents of the mouth. The idea is to keep a good balance of bacteria, since some are necessary and important for our digestion but not all of them are friendly residents of the oral cavity – these we can call bad bacteria and they hide in the dental pocket.

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These bad bacteria don’t like oxygen, because oxygen kills them. Instead, they love dark and moist spaces so they find the perfect spot ( the dental pocket) to live under the gums. Now that they have a home, these bacteria need to eat and so we  provide their food in the form of dental plaque. As they eat, the bacteria create acid. If there are too many bacteria, then there is more acid and this leads to bone deterioration which starts with bleeding gums called gingivitis. When the gingiva or gums are puffy and inflamed, they lose the property of protecting the bone underneath them… if the bone is damaged this is now a bigger problem called  periodontal disease.

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This may be surprising but if left untreated, gum disease can be a risk factor for tooth mobility and ultimately  tooth-loss, heart disease, and diabetes. As well  bacteria can cause bad breath and having food or debris between your teeth can make them look less clean or white. So, flossing can not only help improve the appearance of your mouth but it is an important part of your dental hygiene and overall health.

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 It’s more important to take your time and floss correctly than it is to floss often. If you floss several times a day, but do it quickly, you’ll miss a lot of the bacteria and debris you need to clean out. This defeats the purpose of flossing. It’s far better to floss only once a day and do it slowly so that you clean your entire mouth.

Thanks to Lida our hygienist who helps make it clear why we should  FLOSS LIKE A BOSS!

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My hygienist told me I have gingivitis. How do I know if I have gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums.  Signs that you may have gingivitis are red puffy gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss them.

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There are 2 types of gingivitis:

Dental plaque gingivitis-caused by plaque, medications or systemic factors

Non plaque gingivitis-caused by fungus, viruses, genetic factors, foreign bodies and allergic reaction

Plaque is that sticky colourless biofilm that constantly forms around your teeth. The plaque contains millions of bacteria (germs) which causes your body to react creating red swollen gums. Some people have a more severe reaction to the plaque than others causing more pain and swelling. If plaque is not removed in a timely fashion it can also create tartar which is hard and cant be removed with flossing or brushing.

So…..If your gums are red and they bleed when brushing or flossing you may have gingivitis. 

What can I do to fix it?

In addition to daily brushing and flossing, mouth rinses, or mouthwash can help keep things healthy.  An alcohol free antibacterial rinse helps to kill bacteria left behind by brushing and flossing.  It gets all the bacteria on the roof of your mouth, the inside of your cheeks and all the places your toothbrush can’t reach.  It helps to reduce the number of bad bacteria so the good bacteria in your mouth can thrive and build up your natural defences.  If used as directed by your dental professional it can really help to reduce plaque bacteria in your mouth and reduce gingivitis.

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Your hygienist can also help you during your regular dental check ups with tips and advise on what areas you are missing in your mouth.

The good news is gingivitis is reversible.

Interesting fact:

* Gingivitis is the second most common oral disease after cavities affecting more than 75% of the population worldwide

About 90% of those adults dont even know they have gingivitis (gum disease is silent)

* Men are more likely to have gum disease than women

* Gum disease is contagious

* Dental implants can get gum disease as well

So before you see pink in the sink make sure you take care of your pearly whites and the pink gums in between.

Thanks Victoria for your helpful tips


“I eat healthy!  I don’t eat sweets or candy and  I don’t put sugar in my coffee and I avoid deserts. How did I get this cavity?”


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This is often the reaction I get when a patient is  told they have a cavity. We forget that  carbohydrates in some healthy foods breakdown into sugars that are used by the bacteria to create cavities. These include fruits and starchy vegetables, whole wheat bread, pasta brown rice, potatoes only to mention a few. Don’t forget white rice and pasta , cereal, oatmeal, pita bread, roti, crackers and chips.

So good oral health is dependant on many factors. Let’s start with proper and frequent removal of oral bacteria that includes brushing, flossing and even oral rinsing. These should be done daily based on your need and current periodontal condition.

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Regular dental cleanings by your hygienist and examinations by the dentists are also part of this overall care. The frequency should be determined based on your ability to remove plaque or tendency to build tartar. Your nutrition plays a huge factor in your oral health as well and your immune system.


So how are cavities formed?

Most of us are aware that sugar in our diet cause cavities. The bacteria feed off the leftover sugars and produce acids that then attack the enamel tooth surface leaving it damaged. This is the formation of the cavity. Other bacteria multiply and live along the gum surface creating a film that irritates the gum causing bleeding (gingivitis) and irritating the bone causing bone loss (periodontitis).

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So not only what you eat but also how often you eat  has a huge impact  on cavities and gum disease.

Fruit juices and sodas are significant factors in causing cavities. Fruit juices should be diluted and limit the soda consumption. Lemon water, even though healthy for our gut, is bad for the enamel. Long term consumption will lead to enamel erosion which in turn can cause tooth sensitivity.  Even your glass of wine and your so called “healthy” sport drink are  very acidic fort he teeth. MODERATION is key and avoid sipping them through out the day. One tip that may help is sipping water after these drinks or eat cheese to help neutralize the acids. Not all dairy products are the same since some do contain hidden or added sugars. Don’t brush your teeth for 30 minutes after consuming theses acidic drinks to allow the saliva to remineralize the surface.

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Avoid frequent snacking unless you are on a special diet. If you are then make it a point to brush and floss more frequently and drink more water. Fluoridated tap water is recommended since fluoride helps strengthen teeth against the acids.

Xylitol, a natural sugar alcohol, found in many foods can help reduce cavities. It reduces the levels of cavity causing bacteria and is not converted to acids like the happens with other sugars. INTERESTING FACT xylitol also reduces some bacteria that cause ear infections. Xylitol is found in gum and certain candies that are prescribed to reduce risk of cavities. So I would suggest having a piece of xylitol gum if you can’t brush.

I hope this helps you better understand the factors that created that cavity you have. Oh ya, don’t forget GENETICS. It also plays a factor on cavities but you have little to no control over that.


Thanks Sherina for the information and tips.

Feedback is always welcome

Dr. Sharon Walden




I often get asked the question “How long do I need to wear this wire behind my teeth after orthodontics?”  “I have had this wire on my bottom teeth for so long and I hate to floss. Can I take it off?”

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So for those of you who suffered through years of orthodontics, wires, elastics and that metallic taste you DO NOT want your teeth to get crowded again. So we, myself included, put up with this wire glued to our front teeth and the hassle of flossing under it. I knew I was not the greatest flosser when it came to those front teeth. I did try with floss threader and super floss but it was not done daily. The idea is to hold our teeth in the perfect position but at what cost? I felt my teeth were straight but I was neglecting the gums and bone. So when my wire broke it was the best opportunity after 10 years to remove the rest of the wire and make a removable retainer that I would wear daily to hold the teeth in position and be able to floss with greater ease. I was in the clear.

When patients ask me if they can remove the wire I tell them that they can. They will have an  easier time flossing BUT the MUST wear a removable retainer that will prevent the teeth form shifting back and crowding. The retainers are now made with clear material that can be worn day or night and are very comfortable. I know your gums will appreciate it and so will your hygienist when they need to clean all the tartar and stain that never gets removed.

More orthodontist go with a removable retainer option if they feel that you are responsible enough to remember to wear it. For those patients less responsible the fixed retainer will be the better option. However, it can be replaced later on to a removable one once we feel hygiene is a problem or removable option can be worn reliably.

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So if you have a retainer that you struggle to keep clean, or is broken just ask us how we can make your flossing routine easier and more regular.


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Smiling burns more calories.

Dr. Sharon Walden

Dental Implants.

Have you been missing a tooth or teeth for a while or tired of wearing a loose denture? Dental implants can help address these issues.

What is a dental implant?

A dental implant is actually a root replacement made of titanium. This is placed directly into the jawbone where bone cells grow and adhere to it. In a few months, these bone cells attach to the implant, strengthening the implant to the jawbone giving it a very high long-term success rate (≥95%). Then the crown, bridge or denture can attach to the implant(s).

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Why is it important to replace badly broken teeth or gaps?

Oral health

As soon as teeth are missing, there is an imbalance created in your mouth. The adjacent remaining teeth can tilt and shift to fill in the gap. This could further lead to gum and bone issues as it may become more difficult to keep clean or interferes with patient’s chewing abilities. Due to this, it is not uncommon for this to lead to losing several other teeth over the years.

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Losing a tooth can put a lot of emotional stress on someone. In varying degrees, we are all somewhat concerned about our appearance, and it affects our confidence as well.

Image result for smile with missing teeth

To lose your perfect smile can cause depression and loss of confidence, which in turn may affect your work and/or personal life. Dental implants are often effective in boosting the patient’s morale and overall confidence. Since it is very difficult to see a difference between a replaced tooth and a natural one after the procedure, it can positively impact one’s physical appearance.

The comfort

Having a broken tooth with sharp edges or exposed roots can cause discomfort especially while eating. It would be hard to chew a nice juicy piece of meat or other foods you may have once enjoyed simply due to pain or discomfort. In a way, losing your ability to properly chew food could stop you from enjoying a very big part of your life.

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SO….. Don’t wait another day with missing teeth or uncomfortable dentures. Talk to us about your concerns. When it comes to dental implants you will wonder why you didn’t do it sooner


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Thanks to Dr. Kang for this great explanation of dental implants.


Let us keep you smiling



Marijuana, Pot, Cannabis, Grass, 420, Ganga, Weed, Joint. These are only a few  names for this street drug that has become legal in Canada on October 17,2018.

                                            Nicknames for Marijuana

I never thought that I would be writing a blog about Cannabis so openly but ever since the legalization in Canada I have been more aware of the side effects than ever before.

As you may or may not know cannabis is a psychoactive (mind-altering) drug from the Cannabis plant used for medicinal or recreational purposes.

You can consume it by smoking, vaping or eating edibles. Despite the medicinal benefits it may have, you need to be aware of the oral health effects.

ORAL CANCER. Like cigarettes, cannabis smokers are at higher risk of developing oral cancer from the drug itself and the carcinogens in the smoke. It can lead to oral tissue damage that can become malignant.

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DRY MOUTH. Dry mouth is more than just a dry feeling in your mouth that you may be able to relieve temporally with a glass of water. It has long  term effects on your gums leading to certain gum disease and on your teeth  increasing risk of cavities.

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DENTAL PROCEDURES. When you consume cannabis you increase the risk of bleeding that can cause problems during extractions and delay healing. Also the effect of dental anesthetic may be altered along with other medications you are taking. Please avoid using before any dental procedures to avoid possible complications.

CANNABIS EDIBLES. Although you may think them to be yummy, hidden sugars in your baking goods can be harmful to your teeth.

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MUNCHIES. People are often very hungry after consuming cannabis so be sure to rinse with water and brush after you eat your snack.

STAINING. Cannabis smoke stains the teeth. Your yummy edibles  cause the  lose of tooth enamel and increases cavity risk.         

                           Image result for image stain teeth

So before you let Cannabis go to your head… or your mouth, speak to us if you notice any changes in your oral health before it becomes too painful and too costly. We are here to help.

Dr. Sharon Walden, DDS

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Everyone wants whiter teeth but at what cost?

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There are so many products out there. How are you supposed to know what will work for you?

Professional whitening systems have been around for decades. They have been tested and proven to work. I myself have used them since dental school. There was initial concerns with sensitivity but this has become less of an issue since the formulation has been changed and improved. The technique is very simple and safe and the risks are minimal.  Custom trays make applications easy whether you do DAY TIME or NIGHT TIME treatments. When prescribed by a dental health care professional you get the best results you can possibly get.

And then there are endless over the counter products. The lasted craze are the ACTIVATED CHARCOAL TOOTHPASTES.

Charcoal comes form coal, wood or petroleum. Activated charcoal is created when the coal is heated in the presence of a gas. This product has more space or internal “pores which gives the charcoal the ability to trap chemicals.

Activated charcoal has been used in medicine to treat poisonings, reduce intestinal gas (flatulence) and lower cholesterol levels. Activated charcoal is also used topically in bandages for helping heal wounds and to improve the appearance of skin. Most recently it has been used in the treatment of acne by purifying pores.

So can activated charcoal whiten your teeth if it binds to toxins? There is no formal evidence that it does. The FDA has approved activated charcoal for health issues but neither the American Dental Association nor the Canadian Dental Association have currently approved it for use in dentistry.

Activated Charcoal has been thought to bind to the stain and absorb plaque therefore possibly making teeth whiter.


HOWEVER…..Activated charcoal is TOO abrasive and can cause long term damage and wear to teeth. So before using it ask your dentist if there are better alternatives and if not use it with caution.

If you still want to try to use this product to whiten your teeth then follow these simple rules:

  • try to use it only once every other week,
  • if you have a lot of recession you may notice sensitivity so stop right away,
  • use a toothpaste that you can rub on your teeth and not brush on (less abrasive),
  • and use a reputable band.                                                                                                                                                toothpaste

If you have unusual symptoms like bleeding gums and sore teeth speak to your dentists.

Word of caution…. Although anyone can purchase activated charcoal powder, you should consult a dental professional before using it. The best way to keep your mouth happy and healthy is to continue regular dental appointments.



       Cancer is a major burden of disease worldwide. Each year, tens of millions of people are diagnosed with cancer around the world.

ribbon hope

When a person receives the overwhelming news that they have been diagnosed with cancer the last thing they want to do is visit the dentist. A dental exam is important before any chemo and radiation in order to deal with any cavities, abscessed teeth, and periodontal disease that may become more acute during cancer treatment. Dental treatment may also be contraindicated during radiation and chemo when the immune system is compromised so it is important to get your overall health and oral health in optimal condition. This is even more critical when you are dealing with cancers of the head and neck as radiation will decrease saliva flow and increase risk of cavities. Saliva balances the acids in the mouth and once this is gone acids attack the teeth creating a cavity prone individual. Dealing with infections are harder and if there is a pre-existing infection you want to deal with it before cancer treatment to reduce risk of fever, infection spreading.

Your dentist may fabricate  custom fluoride trays that will help you reduce your risks of cavities during treatment and her or she will put together an oral hygiene routine that will help reduce any side effects caused by cancer treatment.

During cancer treatment dental treatment maybe contraindicated but regular care is recommended once you complete your treatment.

Side effect of cancer treatment may be

*changes in taste (dysgeusia) or smell

*dry mouth (xerostomia)

*infections and mouth sores

*pain or swelling in your mouth (oral mucositis)

*sensitivity to hot or cold foods

*swallowing problems (dysphagia)

*tooth decay (cavities)

If at any time you have concerns with any oral issues you should seek medical attention while some medication can be prescribed to help reduce the symptoms

Pass this along to anyone you know who is fighting this battle.


Dr. Sharon Walden




Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is the process of removing infected, injured or dead pulp from your tooth. The space inside the hard layers of each tooth is called the root canal system. This system is filled with soft dental pulp made up of nerves and blood vessels that help your tooth grow and develop.

When bacteria (germs) enter your tooth through deep cavities, cracks or flawed fillings, your tooth can become abscessed. An abscessed tooth is a tooth with an infection in the pulp. If pulp becomes infected, it needs to be removed. An abscessed tooth may cause pain and/or swelling. Your dentist may notice the infection from a dental x-ray or from other changes with the tooth. 


If left untreated, an abscessed  tooth can cause serious oral health problems.

How is a root canal treatment done?

Your dentist will give you a local anesthetic (freezing).

To protect your tooth from bacteria in your saliva during the treatment, she places a rubber dam around the tooth being treated.

Your dentist makes an opening in the tooth to reach the root canal system and the damaged pulp.

Using very fine dental instruments, she removes the pulp by cleaning and enlarging the root canal system.

After the canal has been cleaned, she fills and seals the canal.

The opening of the tooth is then sealed with either a temporary or permanent filling.

You may be prescribed pain killers and/or antibiotics to help with healing.


Tooth restoration after root canal treatment

After a root canal your tooth has to be restored to look, feel and work as much like a natural tooth as possible. Your dentist may use a permanent filling or a crown to restore your tooth. The choice of restoration will depend on the strength of the part of the tooth that’s left. A back tooth will likely need a crown because chewing puts a great deal of force on back teeth. If there is not enough of the tooth left, posts may be used to help support the crown.

What else should I know?

Root canal treatment may be done in 1 or 2 visits. After root canal treatment, your tooth may be tender for the first week or two. Bad pain or swelling are NOT common. If this happens, call your dentist.

You can still get a cavity or gum disease after a root canal treatment. Root canal treatment does not protect your tooth from other types of damage.

With proper care and regular dental visits, the tooth could last as long as your other teeth. Most of the time, a tooth that has had a root canal treatment can be saved.

However, there are cases where everything possible has been done to save a tooth and still the tooth must be extracted (pulled).

In the end please speak to us if you think you need a root canal. Its better NOT to google and hear it from the professionals.